Women’s Rights

Women’s rights around the world is an important indicator to understand global well-being.

Yet, despite many successes in empowering women, numerous issues still exist in all areas of life, ranging from the cultural, political to the economic. For example, women often work more than men, and they are paid less; gender discrimination affects girls and women throughout their lifetime; and women and girls are often are the ones that suffer the most poverty.

Reading this report about the United Nation’s Women’s Treaty and how a variety of countries have lodged reservations to various parts of it shows we still have a long way to go to achieve universal gender equality.

Gender equality furthers the cause of child survival and development for all of society, so the importance of women’s rights and gender equality should not be underestimated.

After I read this article I felt that the world was still in a position of gender inequality. During these days some women are payed less than men even though they did same amount of work. And there are even some countries where women do not have sufficient right to make decisions. However I can see the hard effort taken by other people to solve these kind of problems.  Gender inequality should be solved as soon as possible to mention the importance of women’s rights to children.

More information: http://www.globalissues.org/article/166/womens-rights

 

Fight for Women’s Rights with Gender Violence Bills

Idihar Chaieb is a women from Tunisia. After 14 years of sexual harassment in her work she finally sued his boss in to the court. Even though she didn’t do anything wrong, it was a difficult situation for her.

“I was afraid to speak out. I thought I would be blamed,” she said.

However, Iduhar Chaieb made her decision with lots of courage. She gained courage since she was supported by a former teacher, women’s organisations, and her son. But her first trial dismayed Idihar. The judge ruled against her. As a result, Idihar was fired from her job, which she worked for about 25 years. Even though Tunisia is referred as the most progressive country in Arab for their women rights, it happens a lot. The violence and harassment on women occur a lot despite the reputation of the country. Shockingly, about 47.6% of women in age of 18-64 experienced sexual harassment in the 2010 survey. Most of the male who sexually raped a women will serve not much year in the jail and sometimes respected by their town people. However, the women who were raped are not even accepted by their own family.

To prevent this, there has been some changes. The government passed the law about sexual abuse and strengthen the punishment.

According to Ounissi: “Passing the law is the beginning of the process, not the end. You need the support of the education system; this starts at school. You need a training programmed for the police. And you need to look at television shows that normalize violence. People are more influenced by what’s on television than what’s in a parliamentary bill.”

I believe it is really courageous of these women who are willing to make changes. Even though they live in a very patriarchal society, they are trying to make the difference.

More information: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2016/oct/24/tunisia-gender-violence-bill-substance-progressive-image

 

Labor Rights in Cambodia

Labor rights had been prolonged issue in our society. Most recently, Cambodia was brought up by the Human Rights Watch for the bad working conditions. According to Aruna Kashyap from Human Rights Watch, there are lots of factories that were not registered into the National Social Security Fund (NSSF). These factories are unidentified, nameless, and have no signs. Workers working in this facotyr only got poor working conditions. Without worker identity card, they are only more vulnerable to abusive labors that goes against the law.

As the article suggests in the last paragraph, I believe that there needs to be govrenment intervention in this situation. As companies that are not registered does not get monitored by government, it is causing seriuos problems for the workers in Cambodia. In order to solve this issue, government must ensure that all factories within Cambodia are registered.

 

More information can be found on: https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/10/24/secret-underbelly-cambodian-garment-industry

Scottish Women’s Rights Centre to Increase Women’s Legal Support with New Funding

Women’s rights is defined as the legal, political, and social rights for women that are equal to those of men. While countless headlines of modern newspaper articles are much associated with the discrimination and inequality of women, the acknowledgement of the positive aspects regarding women’s rights require as much recognition.

The Scottish Women’s Rights Centre (SWRC), is a centre that provides legal advice and support for female victims who have experienced violence. With the recent funding of £665,000 from the Scottish government, SWRC plans to provide increasing support for women. New full-time advocacy support workers will be put to work and SWRC will pursue to increase its helpline. Marsha Scott, the chief executive of Scottish Women’s Aid and a member of the SWRC’s advisory group explains SWRC’s ideas as innovative, and a  thinking-out-of-the-box response that will increase the accessibility of women’s rights when they experience violence.

I believe that SWRC is an exemplary organization that serves as an epitome for other organizations seeking to improve women’s rights around the world. With the ongoing discrimination of women in various areas of the globe, it is important to take action that will efficiently result in benefits for women’s rights. Many organizations should acquire knowledge from organizations such as SWRC and carry out their own line of assistance and support for women.

More Information: http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/homenews/                  14803618.Scottish_Women_s_Rights_Centre_to_increase_legal_support_with_new_funding/

Violence against women: Sri Lanka’s next human rights challenge

Even though Sri Lanka had successfully accomplished to increase women’s health and educations, they are still having trouble stopping the violence against women. In May 2009, the civil war ended in Sri Lanka. However, violence against women have notably increased. According to the U.N’s women Report, 30% to 40% of women suffer from violence, including the 60% of victims from domestic violence. Many Women right’s activists cautioned gender based violence, since it could include sexual torture. The Important part is that most Asian and Pacific countries ignore the fact of gender based violence. According to 2013 U.N Survey, Out of 10,000 men from Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, 50% have committed physical or sexual violence against their female parters.

As a female Asian, it is time to face the reality of gender based violence. It is sad to face that there were such females with disrespecting treatments. We should definitely pay more attention to those victims. It is very mad to see women still getting raped and used sexually for inhumane men.

For more information: http://www.humanosphere.org/human-rights/2016/10/violence-women-sri-lankas-next-human-rights-challenge/

Zimbabwean Female Activists Face Abuse On The Streets And In Prison

Debate on women rights is a rising issue in current society. Few weeks ago in Zimbabwe, a female activists were abused on street in front of everybody and were sent to jail. Linda Masarira is one of the activists who were incarcerated because of this protest. As a response to this mistreatment, activists warned the government that if they fail to charge all officers accused of mistreating female activists within a week, members of the organization will hold a protest naked. This symbolizes the humiliation they received.
As I read through this article, I thought that women right in African region is still as bad as the past. Women were beaten up for no reason and they were put in to jail. I believe that more movement for women should be perform in order to alleviate this gender inequality.

more information : http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/zimbabwean-female-activists_us_57e6d328e4b0e28b2b5451b7?utm_hp_ref=womens-rights

Iranian Women’s Rights Activist Is Given 16-Year Sentence

Recently, a Iranian woman named Narges Mohammadi, a human rights lawyer, has been sent in and out of the jail for 15 years. She is one of the most well-known women’s rights activist and she has been sent to the jail being characterized as “a law-abiding citizen who defended victims of acid attacks and voted while in prison during the 2015 parliamentary elections”. In reality, she is just an innocent citizen who works as a lawyer and isn’t guilty of any crime. She has been sent to prison by a jurist Abolghassem Salavati who found her guilty of crime such as “gathering and conspiring with the aim of committing crimes against national security”, “[being a] propaganda against the state” and “forming and managing an illegal group.” Mohammadi was sent to jail for at least five years every time she was found guilty. Being sent to jail isn’t just about being locked in a room for five or ten years. The most painful part of being stuck in jail for years is the way women are treated while they are in prison. Mohammadi, who has been diagnosed with severe health problems, has written a letter from from Evin prison to PEN International. She illustrates the tragic nightmare she experienced in prison by describing how she was kept with 25 other “female political prisoners” who faced a combined 177 years in prison. She stated the “pain and suffering in Evin prison is beyond tolerance,” and that the long periods of solitary confinement or the “psychological torture” were the worst. This isn’t the end to her suffer. She began suffering on a hunger strike after she was prohibited from calling her family back in France. She was prohibited from receiving a call from her daring children and her husband who is also an activist.

As a female reader, I am extremely touched and sympathized by the story of Narges Mohammadi. I not only feel bad for all the suffer she went through but also feel angered by those who deliberately pick on women to be sent to jail. The way women are always picked on and are punished by the society shows that the society is biased towards women and criticizes women for every minor act they do. The choices jurists make is extremely subjective and their choices depend on how they think or view a certain group of people. There is high chance that the reason why the jurist sent Mahammadi to prison is because he is against feminism or the society shaped him to have a negative image on women. I believe that it is unfair for a jurist to determine whether a woman should be sent to jail or not. Like I have mentioned, this is mainly unfair for the subjective view on women. It would be discriminatory for women to be found guilty by a biased choice. The government needs to immediately bar women from being tortured physically and mentally and has to react to the prejudice that is going around in the country. 177 years combined years being spent in the prison for 25 female prisoners means that each female prisoner spend about 7 years in prison. 7 years spent in prison is extremely long compared with penalty of a drug dealer. Drug dealing, which causes severe damage to the society, has penalty of being sent to jail up to five years. Being an activist is not as harmful to the society compared with being a drug dealer. This proves the fact that the jurists are extremely biased when it comes to jurying women criminals and deliberately make the crime seem poignant when in reality, it is not.

More information can be found in: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/29/world/asia/narges-mohammadi-iran-sentencing.html

S. Korea’s “black protest” movement gaining momentum for abortion rights

In this article, the women in South Korea are not treated equally as men when it comes to abortion. People were having press conference about the invalidation of the government’s legislative judgment and the decriminalization of abortion. The forum stated that the government is considering the problem of abortion upon the responsibility of the state and the society, not the women’s choices. The forum declared: “Women aren’t wombs. They are people before they are mothers,” and also that the women should “continue to fight for the health, safety, and lives of women who have been pushed outside the law’s framework.” They are claiming  for the equality of women’s sexual equality and sex education and to make sure that the women have access to the sexual technology and facilities. There are roughly about 170,000 pregnancy termination in South Korea and therefore the goal of discrimination of abortion is to guarantee the right for everyone and for everyone to be treated equally.

From reading this article, I was stunned about how women in Korea is treated differently from the men. As women myself, I was angry by the fact that the women are treated differently although we are all same human beings as men. I think the discrimination of abortion should be the choices of the women because people have freedom of rights to do certain things that they wish to do and therefore the law of discriminating abortion shouldn’t be strengthened.

For more information: http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/766232.html

Gender Discrimination

In this article, there was a female who suddenly seizure, but it was in the way to Houston, so people were looking for anyone here is doctor. So a female came next to the patient and try to look how emergent the patient is. However, people around the patient let her to put her hands off from the patient and let her to prove where she works, which major of the doctor she is, and etc. When another male doctor came to the patient, none of the people around patient say anything and waited for the doctor to cure the patient.

From the issue, I could felt strong gender discrimination that the people had even though the situation was very emergent. I really think that the gender discrimination was only happened in the past, but after I read this article, I felt some people are still being rude and behave as past people. Even though the doctor was female, there could’ve be some possibility that the female doctor is more and better ability to cure the patient. So I really hope there is no more gender discrimination even in emergency situation.

http://www.cnn.com/2016/10/14/us/delta-black-doctor-discrimination-claim/

Afghan Women in Jail Forced to Taking Virginity Test

Not many years passed since current Afghanistan government was established. Therefore, in their laws, there are many flaws are detected today. Afghanistan’s Independent Human Rights Commission reported that afghan women in jail forced to taking a virginity test. They stated that “based on interviews with 53 female detainees across 12 of the country’s 34 provinces, found that 48 of them, including girls as young as 13, had been sent for virginity tests. “(Mashal). Even though the women in the jail are criminal, the government have no rights to force them to take virginity test. It is violating their rights. Their body belongs to themselves, so the government cannot operate a test with their body. Moreover, the virginity test isn’t reliable to assure rather the woman is virgin or not. Because the sexual intercourse is not only thing that affects the hymen. Due to these facts, Heather Barr, a senior researcher for the group Human Rights Watch, strongly requested Afghan government to fix the law to prevent these human rights violence in Afghanistan.

In my opinion, the government should find the solution to prevent the forced virginity test as soon as possible. The government has no authority to use their citizen’s body to do that kind of tests. They have rights to refuse the tests. I hope the Afghan government fixes the women rights violation problems and it triggers the improvement of women rights in Middle East Asia

More information: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/02/world/asia/jailed-afghan-women-are-often-subjected-to-virginity-tests-report-says.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FWomen%20in%20Afghanistan&action=click&contentCollection=timestopics&region=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=9&pgtype=collection